Comparison and Contraction of John Webster's the Duchess of Malfi and Aphra Beah's the Rover as a Jacobean Revenge Tragedy and a Restoration Comedy respectively.
Studies on Esiaba Irobi's Nwokedi and Cemetery Road have largely focused on the portrayal of politicians in modern societies. The studies have however neglected how linguistic metaphors have been utilised in realising ideologies. This is the gap the present study is set to fill using extracts from Nwokedi and Cemetery Road, which were analysed using insights from George Lakoff and Mark Johnson’s Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Teun Van Dijk's Theory of Ideology. The texts were subjected to quantitative analysis through the use of tables, frequency counts, and histograms. Five conceptual mappings: POLITICS IS A CONFLICT, POLITICS IS A SMALL CHILD, CHANGE IS A DIFFICULT PATH, POLITICS IS A BUILDING, and POLITICS IS A BODY, were observed from the linguistic metaphors, and their linguistic patterns, (lexical, morphological, and syntactical patterns), which project three ideologies: liberalism, progressivism, and radicalism. POLITICS IS A CONFLICT, and POLITICS IS A SMALL CHILD conceptual mappings are associated with liberalism, CHANGE IS A DIFFICULT PATH is associated with progressivism, while POLITICS IS A BUILDING, and POLITICS IS A BODY relate to radicalism. Thus, cross-domain mappings in Nwokedi and Cemetery Road, deployed through linguistic metaphors are motivated by the playwright’s ideological representation of Nwokedi and Mazeli as liberal, progressive, and radical ideologists.
In religious terms, divinity or godhead is the state of things that come from a supernatural power or deity, such as a god, Supreme Being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy. Avenging for divinity at the other hand is the act of seeking revenge or inflicting harm on a giving individual, group of people or institution on behalf of a given supernatural being.
In a world where the priesthood is facing dire challenges like sexual abuse of children, spiritual aridity, misappropriation of funds and gross materialism among others, there is a need for priests who are well experienced in ministry and have developed themselves not only spiritually but intellectually and psychologically to help their fellow priests live above the challenges of the 21st century. One of those refined priests in Northern Nigeria is Reverend Father Professor Moses Orhungur, a scholar and legend. Fr Moses Orhungur has lived up to this task of helping in guiding and instructing his fellow priests in line with the challenges of the time. This is what Father has done in 2008 at the annual retreat in the Catholic Diocese of Jalingo. In this eight chapter book, Father Orhungur has reflected on the essence of a retreat and the attitude of priests during retreats; the true ideals of the priesthood, the challenges of the Nigerian priests in the 21st century; the collective responsibility of all priests; Mary, our mother and model; a lesson on patience; and the importance of reconciliation. Each of these chapters has a unique message for a contemporary priest and the lay faithful.