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The current controversy between Northern Governors and their Southern Counterparts, over how oil revenues accruing to the Nigerians should be shared has created a deep gulf in the ranks of the governors. In the last few days, the governors have been polarized under ethnic and regional lines over who gets what from the Federation Account. Political and opinion leaders across the polity have also joined the fray politicians in the nineteen (19) northern states want the fund to be abolished or its percentage significantly reduced because its sustenance not only puts the north at a is advantaged but also poses danger for the part of the country where literacy, poverty, ignorance and general backwardness are on the rise. The oil producing states, on the other hand are determined to fight back to protect their right and push for a progressive increase in the derivation formula up to fight (50) percent to cushion the impacts of years of marginalization and environmental degradation by the oil companies in the region political watchers fear that the oil producing states could revive the age long agitation for total resource cont control or demand a review of the current derivation formula from the current 13 percent to 50 percent. All seem not lost for the North. The region may begin to enjoy a special derivation from solid minerals based on ongoing arrangement by the Revenue Mobilization and Fiscal Allocation Commission (RMFC). Despite the criticisms there are indications, that the north was ready to go the whole hog as the region recently set up the ten (10) Committees to harmonise its interest. The paper concludes by positing that the Northern agitation is rather, a product of deep seated envy and parochial interest.
Ethanol extract method was used to study the optical characterization performance of the natural dyes as sensitizer for dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) from different plants based on optical absorbance. Four natural dyes extracted from the leaves of teak (Tectona grandis), flamboyant flower (Delonix regia), leaves of pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis) and raspberry (Rubus strigosus) were optically characterized under spectronic 20 spectrophotometer. The absorbance of each of the natural dyes in the visible region of 400nm-700nm was determined and the maximum absorbance-wavelengths were obtained for the natural dyes. Among the four natural dyes, the dye extract obtained from the leaves of pumpkin has shown the best sensitizer for DSSC. Although, the dye extract of teak leaves has shown a better prospect sensitizer for DSSC. Flamboyant flower and raspberry have shown poor absorbance in the application of DSSC.
Leadership, Policy and Economic Development in Nigeria and Singapore: a Comparative (1960 - 1990) is a sweeping comparison of Nigeria and Singapore on their economic development performances. It further critically assesses how leaderships in the two countries were able to influence these performances through their economic policies and developmental efforts. Particular emphasis is placed on between 1960 and 1990; although post 1990 is briefly captured but strictly on economic policies and performances of successive governments. This book elementrifies foundational reasons why the two countries have divergent economic development statistics despite starting with homologous economic statistics in the 1960s, with cross-national opportunities and constraints. It reveals how the two different and newly independent countries in the 60s followed different paths toward nation building. The correlations between leadership, economic policymaking and implementation, and economic development are established. The period of 1960 to 1990 played key, formative roles in the both countries’ economic development narratives. Within the three decades, Singapore was transformed from a third to first world country while Nigeria was caught up with International Monetary Fund’s Structural Adjustment Program. This Comparative Study captures cross-national differences and finds out lessons Nigeria can learn from Singapore in pursuing an inclusive and sustainable economic development. This book is a fitting primary source for students, scholars and researchers of development studies, public policy, development economics, leadership, governance and regional development.
The paper aims at demonstrating using Michael Riffaterre's Deep Structure Model that every literary work has a kernel it shares with others, and it gives them shared meanings.
Hitherto, there used to be a conflict between the Federal High Court and the National Industrial Court in terms of their jurisdictions. However, the case was laid to rest though unfortunately resurrected after a military junta. This article seeks to analyse the constitutional framework for the jurisdiction of the Federal High Court (FHC) and also to highlight the expansion of the jurisdiction of the National Industrial Court (NIC), especially, in trade dispute resolutions beyond the provisions of the Trade Disputes Act.