Hitherto, there used to be a conflict between the Federal High Court and the National Industrial Court in terms of their jurisdictions. However, the case was laid to rest though unfortunately resurrected after a military junta. This article seeks to analyse the constitutional framework for the jurisdiction of the Federal High Court (FHC) and also to highlight the expansion of the jurisdiction of the National Industrial Court (NIC), especially, in trade dispute resolutions beyond the provisions of the Trade Disputes Act.
To be a successful entrepreneur, it is Paramount to put discipline, confidence, open mindedness, self-starter, competition, self-motivation, creativity, intuitiveness, authoritativeness and self-willingness ino consideration in order to achieve your set goals.
In religious terms, divinity or godhead is the state of things that come from a supernatural power or deity, such as a god, Supreme Being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy. Avenging for divinity at the other hand is the act of seeking revenge or inflicting harm on a giving individual, group of people or institution on behalf of a given supernatural being.
This one-page essay briskly, albeit powerfully argues in favour of practical application as the valid test of knowledge as against the ever-controversial certificate. Please read and review. Thanks fellow scholars.
Oath of secrecy is part of the civil service tradition for employees to take an oath of office of allegiance before their assumption of duty, but the manner, timing, and wordings of the recent oath of secrecy administered to the People Democratic Party, National Assembly and Presidency Workers can only be indicatively unambiguous phobia and deep-seated disdain for free flow of information on the part of the clearly desperate master minders of the whole unedifying exercise. No doubt, most of these workers have been in the employ of these institutions many years before the present sets of leadership was inaugurated and the assumption is that they would have performed this mandatory exercise long before now. The paper conceptualized public service and oath of secrecy. It goes on to highlight the background to the oath of secrecy and its location within the concept of administrative loyalty. It also examines the implications of the act on transparency initiatives in the Nigeria public service. The paper goes on to explore the manifestations of arts of disloyalty among civil servant and the consequences. The paper, therefore, shares the thesis that the oath of secrecy was a pointless and wasted exercise whose only benefit is the bad image it would return to the PDP, Presidency and the National Assembly because of its timing. Though the paper supports the oath of secrecy in the public service but concludes by positing that Nigerian leaders cannot afford to portray themselves as sworn enemies of openness, accountability, anti-corruption and transparency, which now widely defined the concept of good governance.