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Parasites and Associated Changes in Packed Cell Volume of Horses (Equus Caballus) in the Semi-Arid Zone, North-Eastern Nigeria

By Animal Research International, University Of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Summary

ABSTRACT
A comparative study on the internal and external parasites and the assoc ated changes in the packed cell volume of horses from a rural community (Bama) and an urban Centre (Maiduguri) in the semi-arid zone of North-eastern Nigeria was evaluated through routine clinical and laboratory examinations. Blood and external parasites were not encountered in any of the 18 horses. Four (22 2 %) of the horses were noticed to be shedding the ova o intestina parasites in their faeces during the study period. Gastrodiscus aegyptiacus (16.7 %) and strongy e (5.6 %) eggs were recovered from the horses. Infection was more common in rural (50 %) than urban (14.3 %) horses. In both locations, infected horses had higher Packed Cel Volume (PCV) (31.3 ± 5.3) than uninfected ones (30.4 ± 3.6). Irrespect ve of infec ion status, horses at Maiduguri had higher PCV than their counterparts at Bama. The results suggest that horses in the sem -arid zone o Northeastern N geria had moderately low prevalence of infection w th gastro-intestinal parasites and that those at the urban location were relatively better cared for than their rural counterparts.
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