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Ecology of Budgeting in Nigeria

By Okechukwu Eme  et al

Summary

Environmental factors play significant roles in the determination and operations of the budgetary
system in Nigeria. In the Nigerian Financial system law and order usually play a pivotal role.
Hence, the system is hedged about with legal restriction and governmental order. Generally,
environment can be viewed as all the condition, circumstances and influences affecting the
development of and activities of the local government. These factors among others include
industrial, socio-economic and political environment affecting the attitudes and work
ethics/behaviours at work. It is within this milieu of interactions factor that the actors in the
budgetary system is entrenched. In an ideal situation, budgetary process is said to be peoples’
driven when it calls for a consultative forum where stakeholders express their feeling relating to
previous budget and present their inputs and priorities which form the part of existing budget. This
process will go a long way in assisting and updating Elected Officers, Ministries, Departments and
Agencies towards budgetary preparation. However, it is surprising that since 1999, Civil Societies,
Nigerians and other well-meaning organizations in Nigeria, have made tireless effort to access the
proposed Federal government budgetary estimations to guide them. But such has proved abortive;
as the Government denied them meaningful contribution to the budgetary process. Apart from this,
in two different occasions, the Presidency has failed in its attempt attempts to present the proposed
budget before the National Assembly for scrutiny; only to be postponed at eleventh hour due to
one or two reasons best known to presidency. This has posed series of confusions and doubt about
effective execution and implementation of the draft estimation. The paper notes that the ecology of
the budgetary system in Nigeria determines to a great extent its effectiveness as well as pattern. On
the other hand, governments through their activities influence their environment. The paper
concludes that the influence is reciprocal.
Ecology of Budgeting in Nigeria
 
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About the Authors

Okechukwu Eme
Nwachukwu Emmanuel C

Nwachukwu Emmanuel C

Okeke, Martin Ifeanyi

Okeke, Martin Ifeanyi

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