Dhimmi Under Islamic State: Political and Social Responsibilities
Uploaded by: Society For Research And Academic Excellence
This article discusses the political and social responsibilities of a non-Muslim (Dhimmi) under Islamic state. It defines Islamic and Secular states and explains their features. It evaluates the position, rights and the responsibilities of Dhimmi under Islamic law. Their fundamental rights, which include protection from all external threat, internal tyranny and persecution, freedom of religion, general welfare, equality before the law, freedom of trade, right to participate in government work have all been delineated. Similarly, the article highlights the duties and responsibilities of Dhimmi-this consists of respect of the religion of Islam, payment of poll tax (Jizya), and land tax (Kharaj) among others. It then wraps up with conclusion. The analysis was made within the framework of northern Nigerian states, this with a view to proffering possible solutions to the multi-religious violence in the region. The objective of the paper is therefore, to serve as important mechanism and spiritual safeguard against executive lawlessness and disrespect for citizens’ rights no matter what religion they profess. The paper uses analytical phenomenological methodology.
About the Authors
Muhammad Dahiru Shuni
Muhammad Sani Abdullahi