Analytic - Synthetic Dichotomy in Kant and the Logical Positivists‟: A Comparative Analysis
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In philosophy, much consideration has been given to the distinction between the analytic and synthetic propositions. This distinction coincides with the necessary and the contingent, the a priori and a posteriori and between the certain and probable as earlier articulated by Gottfried Leibniz‟s „truths of reason‟ and „truths of fact‟. In conformity with this divide, Immanuel Kant sets up the analytic and synthetic and synthetic a priori while the Logical Positivists‟ paradigm includes only the analytic and synthetic. This bifurcation of nature demonstrates the differences and similarities in their respective concepts of reality. Examining the reactions of Quine to Kant and the Positivists, the work argues that one sidedness of looking at knowledge acquisition is deeply rooted in the traditional polarization of reason and experience. The author stresses systematic unity of the analytic and synthetic (the kinds proposed by Kant and Quine and embedded in African traditional worldview) as essential features of our thinking.