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Animal Research International

Animal Research International

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Haematological and Blood Biochemistry Values of Cultured Heterobranchus Longifilis in Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria

Haematological and Blood Biochemistry Values of Cultured Heterobranchus Longifilis in Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria

This study investigated the haematological and blood biochemistry profile of apparently healthy catfish (Heterobranchus longifilis) raised in concrete ponds in South East, Nigeria. A total of 20 fishes of two age ranges and equal sexes were used and determination of haematological and blood biochemical profile followed standard procedures.

 
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Incidence of Hoof Lameness and Associated Staphylococcal Wound Contaminants Among Horses at Obollo-Afor Market in Enugu State, Nigeria

Incidence of Hoof Lameness and Associated Staphylococcal Wound Contaminants Among Horses at Obollo-Afor Market in Enugu State, Nigeria

Hoof is the commonest site of lameness in horses; the condition is exacerbated by infection resulting from contaminants which are very common in their environment. This study determined the incidence of hoof lameness of horses in Obollo-Afor market. Relationship between lameness and sex, type of lameness, level of different limb involvements among the affected horses, presence of Staphylococcal contaminant and its phenotype identification as well as the antibiogram of the hoof wound isolates were determined.

 
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Challenges of E-Waste Pollution to Soil Environments in Nigeria – A Review

Challenges of E-Waste Pollution to Soil Environments in Nigeria – A Review

Hitherto Nigeria has been identified as a major dumping ground for e-waste from developed countries of the world arising from increasing demand for information computer technology (ITC) and other electronic gadgets by the populace especially with the relation of telecom sector since 2001.

 
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Morphological Features of the Dorsal and Ventral Walls of the Oropharynx in the Common Pigeon (Columba Livia)

Morphological Features of the Dorsal and Ventral Walls of the Oropharynx in the Common Pigeon (Columba Livia)

Morphological characteristics of the dorsal and ventral walls of the oropharynx were studied in ten common pigeons. Gross observation showed that left and right maxillary ramphotheca constituted the lateral boundaries of the dorsal wall of the oropharynx, while the palate, choana and infundibulum were the prominent structures in this region. The palate, which lacked palatine papillae on its mucosal surface, was characterized by a median palatine ridge and two lateral palatine ridges.

 
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Comparative Clinical Assessment of Cotton Hair Thread and Silk Suture on Surgically Induced Skin Wounds on New

Comparative Clinical Assessment of Cotton Hair Thread and Silk Suture on Surgically Induced Skin Wounds on New

The gross tissue reactivity, bacterial load counts and clinical parameters were investigated following the use of cotton hair thread (CHT) and silk suture on surgically induced wounds on rabbits. Twelve clinically healthy male rabbits of New Zealand breed were used. They were acclimatized for two weeks and randomly assigned into three groups A, B and C of four (4) rabbits each. A 6 cm long paralumber skin incision was aseptically performed in both groups of animals using xylazine and ketamine.

 
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Prevalence of Fasciolopsis in Cattle Slaughtered at Eke Market Abattoir, Afikpo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Prevalence of Fasciolopsis in Cattle Slaughtered at Eke Market Abattoir, Afikpo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

In the research study carried out to determine the prevalence of fasciolopsis among cattle slaughtered at Eke Market abattoir, Afikpo, Ebonyi State Nigeria, feacal samples collected from the rectum of the slaughtered cattle were analysed, using the standard floatation technique (saturated sodium chloride) to recover the ova from the faecal samples. Post mortem examination of the liver and other organs of the slaughtered cattle were also examined for Fasciola species. Of the 256 cattle slaughtered at the Eke Market abattoir between May 2011 – April 2012, 93(37.89%) were found to be positive with F. hepatica, 60(23.44%) were infected with F. gigantica. The prevalence of fasciolopsis on the livers and other organs examined during post mortem examination were 66(25.78%) for F. hepatica and 42(16.41%) for F. gigantica. F. hepatica was the most common fasciolopsis infection in the study area.

 
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Urinary Schistosomiasis Among School Age Children in Some Rural Communities of Abia State, South Eastern Nigeria

Urinary Schistosomiasis Among School Age Children in Some Rural Communities of Abia State, South Eastern Nigeria

The prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in school age children in Azumini, a schistosomiasis endemic community in Ukwa East Local Government Area of Abia State was studied. Early morning urine samples were collected in a clean, transparent, screw cap plastic bottle and transported to the laboratory for examination. These samples were examined both macroscopically and microscopically using standard Sedimentation method.

 
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Bacteriological Quality of Freshwater Fish Caught From Two Natural Lakes in the Rainforest Region of South-Eastern Nigeria

Bacteriological Quality of Freshwater Fish Caught From Two Natural Lakes in the Rainforest Region of South-Eastern Nigeria

The study evaluated the bacteria quality of freshwater fish caught from Oguta and Agulu Lakes. A total of 24 fish samples consisting of 12 samples from each Lake were sampled for four months. The fish samples were transported to the laboratory, processed and compared. Using a sterile scapel and a pair of sterile scissors, section of fish scales, gills, gut, skin, liver, intestine and gonads were removed and subjected for bacteriological analysis. A total of eight (8) bacteria isolates were identified from the fish samples.

 
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Sexual Dimorphism in Lori Sheep Vomeronasal Organ Dimensions and Their Relationships With External Body Measurements

Sexual Dimorphism in Lori Sheep Vomeronasal Organ Dimensions and Their Relationships With External Body Measurements

This experiment was carried out to study the effect of gender on anatomy of vomeronasal organ (VNO) and their correlations with some external body measurements in Lori sheep. Six external body characteristics were measured on 21 Lori sheep (10 ewes and 11 rams). Heads of the animals were collected and several transverse sections were made through the rostral region of incisive tubercle and repeated at every 1.5 cm up to the point that macroscopic signs of the VNO disappeared.

 
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Old World Leishmaniasis - a Review

Old World Leishmaniasis - a Review

The leishmaniasis is a globally widespread parasitic diseases of multifaceted clinical manifestations (cutaneous, mucocutneous, diffuse cutaneous and visceral). They are caused by several species belonging to the genus Leishmania - a kinetoplastic flagellate transmitted exclusively by the bite of the female of the phlebotomine sandfly. The sandfly becomes infected when taking blood from reservoir hosts, which includes man or domestic and wild animals. Most leishmaniasis is zoonotic and humans are infected only accidentally when exposed to the natural transmission cycle. However in the anthroponotic forms man is the reservoir host.

 
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A Publication of the Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Created 2 years ago by Animal Research International, University Of Nigeria, Nsukka.