Entries on Public Administration
Leadership, Policy and Economic Development in Nigeria and Singapore: a Comparative (1960 - 1990) is a sweeping comparison of Nigeria and Singapore on their economic development performances. It further critically assesses how leaderships in the two countries were able to influence these performances through their economic policies and developmental efforts. Particular emphasis is placed on between 1960 and 1990; although post 1990 is briefly captured but strictly on economic policies and performances of successive governments. This book elementrifies foundational reasons why the two countries have divergent economic development statistics despite starting with homologous economic statistics in the 1960s, with cross-national opportunities and constraints. It reveals how the two different and newly independent countries in the 60s followed different paths toward nation building. The correlations between leadership, economic policymaking and implementation, and economic development are established. The period of 1960 to 1990 played key, formative roles in the both countries’ economic development narratives. Within the three decades, Singapore was transformed from a third to first world country while Nigeria was caught up with International Monetary Fund’s Structural Adjustment Program. This Comparative Study captures cross-national differences and finds out lessons Nigeria can learn from Singapore in pursuing an inclusive and sustainable economic development. This book is a fitting primary source for students, scholars and researchers of development studies, public policy, development economics, leadership, governance and regional development.
My inspiration to write this book stems from my experience as a driver with the International Centre for Aids, Treatment and Care Programme (ICAP), an organisation which was established with the support of the U.S government to see that people are not dying from HIV. ICAP had the mandate to work in Nigeria for five years before it metamorphosed into an indigenous organisation which is known today as the Center for Intergrated Health Programme (CIHP) under the directorship of the amiable and hardworking Dr Bola Oyeledu who started with ICAP as Country Director before becoming the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Centre for Integrated Health Programme where she has and is still saving many lives.
Given this background to the third tier administrations in the country, this work attempts to look at the very concept of Local Government Council administrations in Western Europe, Asia and North America from where this structure of government was exported to Africa and to Nigeria in particular.
In the last few years, there has been a lot of concern and debate, not only among policy makers, but also within the academia and the public at large, regarding the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Nigeria. This has led to the initiation of various reforms, beginning with the banking sector reforms, introduced towards the end of 2004, all aimed at creating a favorable environment for meeting the objectives of the MDGs. The present book of readings addresses some of these reforms and represents a contribution by our Department of Economics to the ongoing discussion. While the range of reforms advocated here is not exhaustive, it nevertheless emphasises once again the well known fact that there are also non-economic factors involved in economic development. In this regard, it must be pointed out that the sectors of the economy considered in the volume include, not only the purely economic ones like banking and finance, insurance, etc. but also the political and sociological areas such as corruption and the harmful effects of widowhood rites. It must also be noted that the recommendations emphasize that reforms are needed at all levels, including the public and private sectors of the economy, as well as the individual level. I commend the efforts of our Department of Economics, the editors and the contributors to this volume. The book deserves a most enthusiastic welcome by all (policy makers, the academia and the general public) who are working towards or looking forward to the attainment of the MDGs in Nigeria.
The book Marketing Management is primarily written to provide invaluable companionship for students, educators and professionals in the field of Marketing. Its unique position provides an all-round decision making tool that attempts to reflect the changes taking place in the modern landscape of marketing. As an integrated and comprehensive text, the book adopts a learner-friendly approach that lays emphasis on providing a clear understanding of the theoretical aspects of Marketing Management so as to enable readers easily apply them to real life situations. With its clear and comprehensive coverage, the book is ideal for practitioners, self study, and equally meets the requirements of undergraduate as well as postgraduate students of Marketing and Management.
The didactic research uncovers covert scenarios extant whilst valuating light and heavy industrial plants, machineries and equipments for all purposes.
This study examines the nature of railway and their policies in Nigeria and Japan with a focus on finding out the factors that have hindered successful policy implementation in the Nigerian railway sectors and how these processes have affected national development. It has the objective of finding out the strategies that enabled success of the Japanese railways and how these strategies can be applied in Nigeria to rescue the current dilapidated railway sector. The researcher used primary and secondary methods of data collection to gather the needed data. The data obtained through questionnaires were presented in tables and analyzed using the simple percentage. The findings have also shown that factors which militate against successful policy implementation in Nigeria include lack of continuity and multiplicity of policy by different administrations in Nigeria, inadequate resources, non involvement of the local people in policy implementation and corruption. It also discovered that the low level of implementation has been responsible for the low level of development in Nigeria and that the success of the Japanese railway system is as a result of the strategic restructuring of the system in 1986 and that this has been responsible for the country`s high level of development. The researcher therefore recommended that for policies to be successfully implemented in Nigeria, there must be a political will by government, local people must be involved, resources must be adequately mobilized and corruption should be strictly avoided. Others include policy restructure and privatization of the rail sector, decentralization of railways into regional or state based, separation of passengers and freight railways etc. And that the money realized from the sectors should be deployed in developing other sectors. These ensure efficiency of the implementation process of policies and that of the railway system and consequently enhancing national development.
The ability of any organization or society to achieve its goals depends to a large extent on the quality, and general administration of its human resources. As such, manpower development is a critical factor in the achievement of organizational objectives. Very instructively, human resource administration relates to the overall organization planning process by which the organization tries to ensure that it has the right number of persons and the right kind of people, at the right time and at the right place performing functions, which are economically useful and which satisfy the needs of the organization and provide satisfaction for the individual involved.
Abstract: Pension scheme administration in Nigeria, before the introduction of the new contributory scheme, was fraught with numerous problems associated with weak administration, lack of regulatory and supervisory agency, mismanagement of pension funds, absence of database on pensioners profiles, insufficient budgetary allocation and untimely release of funds which culminated in huge arrears of pension rights. Pensioners in the old scheme were subjected to untold hardship after meritorious service to the nation. The introduction of the new contributory pension scheme and investment of consolidated pension funds to generate returns accruable to pensioners as additional pension benefits have ushered in hope to hitherto hapless retirees and potential pensioners in Nigeria. The study is predicated on the agency theory as its theoretical framework. The methodology adopted primary and secondary sources of data generation. T-test is used to test the hypothesis. The article investigates the contractual relationship between the principals and agents in the pension business and to ascertain whether the agent is working to protect and serve the interest of the principal as regards to actual declaration of exact investment returns and payment of investment returns to enhance pension benefits of pensioners under the scheme. The result of the study reveals that investment of consolidated funds in the new contributory pension scheme generates additional pension benefits to retirees and the contributory workers in service. Creation of awareness about the provisions of the Act among the workforce and periodic review of the Act to reflect socioeconomic realities of the nation are recommended to make the scheme functionally meaningful to its beneficiaries.
Abstract: This paper focuses attention on the administrative issues and problems of planning education in Nigeria, with special reference to the planners themselves, that is the Federal Government and state administrators. One of the major problems is that all too often, recommendations don’t come from school administrators, teachers and other school personnel. This, no doubt may have constituted problems in planning and implementation of education in Nigeria and equally led to the failure of most of the formulated educational policies. The status quo of administrative planning of education in Nigeria should be revisited considering its developmental nature against our youths who are the future of the country. For effective administrative planning the country ‘s economy should be looked into and considered before schools in Nigeria start production of graduates into the labour market, to avoid producing more number of graduates the economy can carry.