Entries on Politics
In this book: Nigerian Politics, Economy and Society Commentaries and Public Lectures on Selected Themes, 2007-2012, Chief Dr Terkura Suswam has brought his sterling intellectual prowess to bear on the interpretation of the attitude of Nigerian political actors and the forces that intertwine politics and economy in Nigerian society. In the political realm, the author trenchantly exposes the irrationality in the character of some Nigerian politicians with moving illustrations in an attempt to show how this has served as a major drawback to popular development in the country. With adequate attention to the existence of positive political forces in Nigeria, the author presents the Nigerian society in the light of a theatre that houses both the positive and negative forces. From an informed standpoint, the author forcefully expresses his optimism in the eventual victory of the positive forces over the negative forces. At the micro level of analysis, the author laments the various political infelicities that have trailed the conscious efforts towards growth and development in Tivland and Benue State since 1976 with special emphasis on the period between 2007 and 2012. His allusion to the fact that Benue State has gallantly overcome some basic political challenges to attain new levels of growth and development in various sectors, especially between 2007 and 2012, is quite assertive and instructive. As much as the issues generated in the book are purely the creative opinion and the intellectual position of the author, it is logical to submit that the utility value of the book resides in its capacity to provoke development thoughts and engender new approaches to the attainment of collective greatness in all human societies.
Recovery (MAMSER) and later, the National Orientation Agency (NOA) was geared towards the reorientation of Nigerians’ psyche on the cultivation of the virtue of decency and economic recovery, and while General Abdulsalam Abubakar was applauded as the harbinger of the May 29, 1999 nascent democracy when he willingly handed over the government to an elected civilian administration. President Olusegun Obasanjo, in his undaunted desire to move Nigeria ahead from her doldrums in the comity of nations from May 29, 1999, initiated many vibrant programmes. Amongst such remarkable schedules were the promulgation into law of the Corrupt Practices and Related Offences Act 2000, introduction of consensus politicsunlikeinthepastwhenthewinnertookall. Thiswasevident in the Federal Executive Council membership which composed representatives of the Alliance for Democracy (AD), the All Nigerian People’s Party (ANPP) and the ruling Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). President Obasanjo’s latest appeal and which has captured the admiration of most patriotic Nigerians is his “Declaration of Human Rights and Responsibilities to one’s self, one’s family, neighbours, community and to the state” at the formal launching of the campaign on National Rebirth in Abuja on September 10, 1999. Nigeria: The Path to National Rebirth is my widow’s mite in the nation’s bid to enhance its citizens’ awareness on the need to abhor all vices and adore virtues. I vehemently pray that Almighty God would make this book arouse the desired positive impacts on its readers so that we will patriotically develop Nigeria to the liking of all lovers of good things. If citizens of other countries have done so, why can’t Nigerians facilitate fast understanding and development?
A Million Miles Away is a biography of His Royal Majesty, Sen. Sir Emmanuel Onyatikpo Elayo. Events here-in have been Presented in six chapters. Chapter one makes straineous efforts to postulate some scanty information on the Historical background of the personality’s people, the Alago. The other five chapters all take an in-depth look into who the man is, attached also are memoirs of memory by his allies. At this juncture we would really like to urge scholars, particularly of historical and anthropological studies, to rise up and address the challenges posed by the controversial historical stands of some of the Niger-Benue Confluence nations, especially of the Alago-Idoma nations. This six chapter book is not an attempt to exaggerate or politicise the personality of Elayo and the traditional seat of Osana of Keana. It is a humble attempt to present to the society one of the life wires and source of inspiration and of political direction to the political stability of Nasarawa State and Nige- ria at large. Osana of Keana as a traditional ruler is able to excel because of his rich experiences as a born teacher, an ad- ministrator and a remarkable politician. Living an exemplary, humane, accommodative and philanthropic life and a Knight of Saint Murumba (KSM), Osana truly deserves a documenta- tion of his biography while he is still alive to avoid apologetic ambiguities in an attempt to have a comprehensive biography of his life in his absence. The first chapter traces the long history of the Alago and the emergence of Keana city with the institution of the tradi- tional stool of the Osana. The long history of the people is given prominence and intensity in this biography because the history of a king is a history of his place and people. The family, birth, growth and tutelage of His Royal Majesty, Senator Emmanuel Onyatikpo Elayo is captured in Chapter Two with the aim of presenting his diplomatic role to his people in Chapter Three.
It is cogent to say that the foundation of Nigeria’s foreign policy was laid at the point of her independence. The administration of her foreign policy was conceived prior to her independence in 1957, during which the training of those who paved the way for an independent Nigeria took place. It is pertinent to note here that at this point, Nigeria was only involved in external relations from time to time with the United Kingdom and a few other countries, hence, this paper seeks to examine the role that Nigeria played during this period in the leadership of Africa, all through the fourth republic, till date. This paper will also make use of conceptual clarifications of the term foreign policy as well as identify the issues Nigeria has faced and is facing in the leadership of Africa from 1960-date and will also attempt a discuss on the issues facing Nigeria in her quest to maintain her leadership position in the African continent. Keywords: Foreign Policy, Leadership, Independence
Conflict is a part of life, but when turned violent, it can be like a handshake that extends beyond the elbow which can no longer be tolerated. In a similar understanding, the internationalization of the Congo conflict is very complex due to the various involvements of states. However, in accomplishing the objective of this research, the problem that led to this conflict and made this study possible was the spillover effects from the conflict. There were issues arising from internal and external countries and actors taking sides, and also the involvement of organizations on regional continental and global levels. My findings however included the use of proxies in the DR Congo conflict, which served as part of the factors that played out mostly by external states sponsoring rebel groups to help fight in Congo, and the exploitation of the resources of DRC through transnational networks was an intricate system of political economic and socio-cultural forces. My recommendation for the issues brought out by this study was that there should be a development in the defense base of the Congo, there should be an improvement in one of the arms of government so that in the long run, it would enhance their balance of power system, and make it possible for them to check each other for more effective administration, States should provide basic amenities for the citizens, in other to avoid divided loyalty, in situations of intervention, proper agreements should be laid out in other to avoid an infringement, and the democratic system of government should be encouraged, because when the democratic peace theory is applied states would engage each other on the basis of war. Keywords: Internationalization, Conflict, Political and socio-cultural forces, Balance of Power
ABSTRACT: A modest acquaintance with the history of colonialism in Nigeria will show that from the onset it had provoked resistance from the citizens. Colonialism nullified dissent and political freedom hence it aroused attack from not just the politicians but also trade unionists who remained steadfast and unbowed all through the period it lasted. The various labour crises during our period of study, though economic in outlook had some political undertone; a rejection of the colonial system .The Trade Union Ordinance was one of the measures employed by the colonial authorities to whittle labour from de-colonization process. Labour leaders were also incarcerated to intimidate them from joining forces with the nationalist movement. Although there is a growing literature on labour movement, it does not seem to have sufficiently addressed labour’s role towards the attainment of independence. This paper intends not only to interrogate such a role but to also put it in historical perspective so as to fill the noticed gap. Since the topic cuts across other disciplines such as political science, economics, sociology, public administration etc, the paper used inter – disciplinary approach for self-enrichment. It affirms that there was a synergy between nationalists and labour which gave rise to independence in 1960. It also avers that while the 1945 General Strike sowed the seed of labour independence struggle the blood of the colliery workers stain in 1949 watered it into fruition .From 1945 through 1960 witnessed a combative nationalism and aggressive labour activism which wrestled power from the colonial rulers on October 1, 1960.
Election has become the most acceptable means of changing leadership in any given political system. There are elements that make electorates vote or not to vote in an election. These elements are different and dependent on the socio-cultural, economic, and political background of the nation and voters at one point or the other. In Nigeria, this is rampant, not necessarily because the electorates are apolitical, but the circumstances and the ways in which the context are fixed, forced them to accommodate other considerations. The study uses the existing literature, observation and opinion poll to gather data, and found that, it is the voting behaviours of the electorates that builds or mars the elections to produce credible or unacceptable candidates; Due to the voter‟s poverty level, ethnicity and religious inclinations, voting pattern runs inline in order to satisfy those religious/ethnic interest and personal immediate economic needs. They accept gratification from politicians to vote for them even when they knew that such persons are not credible. The study recommends a total overhaul of the electoral system; education/creation of awareness to the Nigerian citizens, and to make the elective positions less lucrative and attractive than what is currently obtainable. In this way, those negative factors that influence the voting pattern in Nigeria can be controlled.
The main thrust of this paper is an analysis of the concept of state generally and a historical prognosis on the dynamics of the post colonial state system of Nigeria. It additionally discusses the role of the Nigerian state in the implementation of basic democratic configurations in the governance theatrics of Nigeria. The paper‟s postulation is that, in the context of effective democratization of the polity in Nigeria, the Nigerian state has not achieved the objective conditions for democratic governance, leading to citizen‟s political deprivation.
Conflict always has negative connotations in the faces of the people but they forgot it also have positive side to development of the Country. The piece try to elicit the positive and negative aspects of conflict to development of the Country Nigeria. Conflict help in shaping the world if manage well. The world keep advancing in science and technology because of the power struggle in the world. Countries like China, North Korea and south Korea, South Africa, and other is stepping up to the challenge of the threat the USA and Russia pose to the peace of the world. The piece is of great importance to the students of politics, development, sociology and economic and the general public who want to know the contribution conflict has make to the development of Nigeria.