Entries on Literature
The term “medieval” come from the Latin meaning “middle age”. The term medieval (originally spelt mediaeval) was not introduced into English until the 19th century, a time when there was heightened interest in the art, history and thought of the Middle Ages. Most of the early literature of this period consists of sermons, prayers, lives of saints, and homilies. Somewhat later than the religious writers, the English secular poets appear. The figure of the King Arthur, an ancient British hero, attracted the attention of (and imagination) of thee early writers. Arthur first appeared in literature in the Latin “History of the British King” (around 1147).
Medieval drama is focuses on god, church and religion while renaissance drama is focused on secular matters typical renaissance disdain for humble people and on equally typical – renaissance obsession with ancient history. The difference found in both periods, was that of the amateur and the professional, the contemporary and the professional actors who disdain the common man.
Renaissance drama literary means rebirth, it refers to the rebirth of literature. It was also an age of new discoveries both geographically and intellectually. They associated themselves with values of classical antiquity. Medieval and renaissance literatures were influenced by two completely different eras in human history
Renaissance drama was different from medieval, though they still retained a little portion of medieval like the teaching of morals. It was the medieval that gave birth to Renaissance period by pulling away its religious coat and becoming secularized.
The medieval period in Europe (A.D. 476-1500) began with the collapse of Rome, a calamity of such magnitude that the years between then and the beginning of the Crusades in 1095 have been traditionally, if erroneously, called the Dark Ages. Historians used this term to refer to their lack of knowledge about a time in which no great central powers organized society or established patterns of behavior and standards in the arts.
English Renaissance drama grew out of the established medieval tradition of the mystery and morality plays. During and after the reformation, the drama began to change. Genres like tragedy, comedy and satire replaced the mystery and morality plays of the middle ages (medieval drama). They shift focus on religious to humanist values.
The Renaissance theatre was composed of professional actors, among who were those who specialized in tragic roles and others in comic roles. Medieval dramas were essentially amateurish endeavors in which clergy or various trade guilds participated
Medieval Drama, which flourished in the 15th century and paved the way for the great Elizabethan theatre, developed out of liturgical ceremonies. It is in the Church, in fact, and in its rituals that we can find the origin of medieval plays. Due to the peculiarities of certain church celebrations, the medieval drama started declining as the catholic church withdrew its support from them because they said it weakened the church.
medieval theatre refers to theatrical performance in the period between the fall of the western Roman empire in the 5th century A.D and the beginning of the renaissance in approximately 15th century A.D.
The medieval drama dealt majorly on religious ideas. It started after the death of classical drama – roman drama. The medieval period brought the church into power. They banned all forms of drama.