Entries on Literature
The priest symbolizes the traditional attitude of the villagers and he does now meet Michael who symbolizes progress and western values. This leads to the series of unfortunate and mysterious deaths that makes the villagers retaliate by tearing down the school and destroy the compound. This ruins his work and when a supervisor arrives to Judge Michael’s progress he writes a corrosive report commenting on the “tribal war” situation. This goes to show that divinity can avenge itself and does not need humanity. Reuben Onyishi’s clash of Divinity is a fictional text that captures cultural and religious conflicts where humanity fights for divinity and by so doing make themselves swords in the hands of divinity for their own destruction, having breached the principles of a superior force. These goes to show that Divinity is for better and stronger than humanity. Humanity should rather be avenged by divinity.
ABSTRACT: A dramatic text can possess characteristics that can distil or explicate certain significance. A deconstruction of a writer’s philosophical approach to characterization reveals it as either discursive or psychoanalytical.This research analyzes selected Nigerian plays by Ahmed Yerima and EsiabaIrobiwhich have widespread popularity with youths and examines them with reference to the current socio-political turmoil in Nigeria.The aim is to unravel the psychoanalytical basis of audience identification with the psychological characters in the literary works. The work reveals that the approach adopted by a writer can be predicated on psychological introspection or moral grandstanding. While a choice can be made between alternative attributes, often a selection is made between real options and followed by the corresponding action. Since violence has become a major staple shaping contemporary social attitude, audience sensibility and interpretation the improper heroes depicted in EsiabaIrobi and Ahmed Yerima’s works can be said to possess certain values which are commonly accepted by the Nigerian populace.Irobiand Yerima’s playswill be used to buttress the argument that the playwright’s interpretation of reality and transaction of this perception is predicated on a hermeneutic temperament and a deliberate philosophy of choice. The ethical perplexity of showing the vulgar reality of contemporary Nigeria while maintaining a decorous artistic level becomes a veritable Catch-22 scenario for the interpretive playwright.
Abstract: The Nigerian Civil War which was fought between the federal military government and the Biafran rebels between July, 1969 and January, 1970 has generated a plethora of literature. Critical evaluation of these literary works has taken different perspectives. However, this essay takes a legalistic method that uses Akachi Adimora-Ezeigbo’s very recent novel, Roses and Bullets, to address the compliance or non -compliance of the war to the principles of international humanitarian law. It examines the fate of combatants, wounded, sick and dead soldiers in the world of the novel. It equally scrutinizes the life of the civilian population, particularly the women, children and refugees, who are caught in the conflict. The role of the medical personnel and international humanitarian bodies are examined as well as the punishment meted out to the perpetrators of abduction, rape, torture, cruel and inhuman treatment that violate the laws of the nations.
ABSTRACT The controversy over how appropriately the Nigerian dramatist can convey his cultural experience and narrative to his audience through the conduit of an imported language burdened with its alien set of conventions, syntax and structure has engaged many Nigerian anthropological and literary scholars for some time now. How a particular society perceives a character presented by the narrator depends largely on how a parallel line connecting that character to the peculiar qualities, personalities or situation in that society can be well drawn by the folk dramatist. Language and communication are essential features of drama and in the retelling of these folk stories, performers indirectly become language teachers to their audience, and assist them to re-learn it. The functional theory of folk theatre which makes it a source of vital information about the culture of the Nigeria society, and trainer of enhanced language skills, has been ignored. Presently, folktales are fast disappearing from the life of the average Nigerian family as people face new modes and foreign languages of entertainment. People have lost the enduring lessons of our folktale tradition. Government has disregarded the need to pass on indigenous language inherited from the ancestors to their offspring. Indigenous language needs to evolve to take on the challenge of foreign languages. The article examines the measures to be adopted to breach this language divide and salvage this situation.
Abstract The style of the man is the man and a skillful merger of, theme and style makes for the excellence of a literary style. Nwabueze appreciates the truth in this fact and, therefore, weaves a story that violates every known conversational principle but projects a pragmatic force that speaks more powerfully than ordinary words of the play, A Parliament of Vultures. This paper, therefore, explores the provisions of implicature in pragmatics to show how it is that Nwabueze uses ordinary words and sentences of English to send messages that have no direct relationship with the formal additive value of the linguistic medium of transmission. By this, the paper shows that language is an adaptable instrument for a fictional representation of events in real life.
ABSTRACT Literary artists have, over the years, used literature to mirror the society in which they live. These artists are not just concerned with man’s relationship with the environment in which he lives. What happens to the wild life in the bush and the fishes of the sea and the sea in which they live and what happens to the birds of the air and even the free air in which they fly are of great concern to the artist especially as these ecological conditions affect man and the general peace of the environments .This study examines the effect the environment has on Riverine Poetry. In every aspect of life, you attribute certain qualities of a man, certain behavioral patterns, and certain modes of perception to the environment. When related to literature, certain innate qualities of literature of a place are affected by that environment. In other words, one can just see the prevalent issue of environmental degradation, human right violation, abuse of power, and how these factors affect the life and destiny of the people in the affected communities. This study, therefore, examines riverine poetry and how the poets and the poems are affected by the environment.
ABSTRACT This paper is motivated by the apparent paucity of female playwrights in Nigeria. For more than three decades studies in dramatic literature, especially as it relates to women, revolved around only two female playwrights – Zulu Sofola and Tess Onwueme. The concern of this paper, therefore, is to discover if indeed there are only two female playwrights in Nigeria, why it has to take so long for female playwrights to emerge, what motivated their emergence, how their emergence impacted dramatic literature and criticism. The paper, consequently, is divided into three main sections each designed to address a set of the questions that drive this investigation. First part of the work is titled “Paucity of Female Playwrights” and the objective is to query the slow emergence of women in the field of playwriting, coming as they did, behind men writing in the same genre and women who are writing in other genres of literature. The statistics furnished by G. I. Achufusi is used to authenticate claims. The second part, titled “Poor Image of Women”, looks at how the negative image of women in plays written by men has generated a lot of debate by the gender- sensitive critics, and acted as motive for the emergence of female playwrights. The third part, titled “Image of women in Women’s Writing” accesses the work of the emergent female playwrights to ascertain how far they differ or comply with the existing image of women in men’s writing.
Medieval period is the period from 5th to 15th century.medieval drama was therefore preceded by the Greek and Roman drama and followed by Elizabethan drama.Medieval drama arose from the ashes of Roman drama just before it evolved into Medieval drama, there was at level of infamy which entered it and which vehemently apposed by the Church.
Renaissance drama grew out of the established mediaeval tradition of the mystery and morality plays. The medieval theater focused on religions subjects and were generally enacted by the church choristers and monks. Medieval (the middle ages) and renaissance (age of re-birth) are two distinct but well related periods in dramatic history. Although renaissance thinkers often tried to dissociate themselves from the middle ages, important continuities with their recent past, such as belief in the Great Chain of Being, l were still much in evidence.