Entries on Languages
Since the introduction of English Language in Nigeria by the British colonialists, the language has been vested with very important functions. It is the official language of communication in Nigeria as well as the language of instruction at all levels of our educational system among other functions. As a result, the need for the mastery of the use of English cannot be overemphasized. This book is designed for students and users of English Language who need to have a mastery of both spoken and written English. It is an essential ingredient for candidates preparing for Junior and Senior Secondary Certificate Examinations as well as Post Secondary School Education. The book is divided into eight chapters covering different aspects of English. Chapter one considers the concept of grammar and related topics such as; morpheme, affixation, phrase, clause, sentence etc. The second chapter treats parts of speech. Chapter three deals with punctuation marks while Chapter four treats the rules of concord. In Chapter five, the four types of essays as well as speech writing and letter writing have been discussed in detail. Chapter six focuses on comprehension and summary, figurative use of language and semantic relations such as, antonyms, synonyms, homophones, homonyms and homographs. Similarly, chapter seven discusses direct and indirect speech, tense, aspect and voice. Finally, Chapter eight deals with Idiomatic expressions, categorized into prepositional, verbal and nominal with adequate examples for easy understanding. I have no doubt that this book will be of tremendous assistance to learners of English at all levels.
Abstract The need for peaceful co-existence and social stability has never been more urgent in Nigeria than it is today. This is why ways of achieving them should be, and in fact they actually are, in the front burner of government agenda at all levels of governance in Nigeria. In line with this concern, this paper takes a look at the ways language can be used to foster, promote and sustain ethno-religious tolerance as a means of ensuring social stability in Nigeria. The task in the paper involves highlighting the features and functions of language as a peculiar human possession, conceptualizing ethnic and religious tolerance to put them in the perspective of this paper, and outlining how language use can help bring about peaceful ethno-religious co-existence. The paper concludes that language use can make or mar social relations and that toleration is indispensable for a healthy co-existence in a multi-ethnic society. Recommendations are given on how to ensure proper exploitation of language features and functions for peaceful co-existence and social stability. The core of the recommendations is that deliberate steps should be taken to promote mutual understanding of one another’s culture, language and religion.
Studies on Esiaba Irobi's Nwokedi and Cemetery Road have largely focused on the portrayal of politicians in modern societies. The studies have however neglected how linguistic metaphors have been utilised in realising ideologies. This is the gap the present study is set to fill using extracts from Nwokedi and Cemetery Road, which were analysed using insights from George Lakoff and Mark Johnson’s Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Teun Van Dijk's Theory of Ideology. The texts were subjected to quantitative analysis through the use of tables, frequency counts, and histograms. Five conceptual mappings: POLITICS IS A CONFLICT, POLITICS IS A SMALL CHILD, CHANGE IS A DIFFICULT PATH, POLITICS IS A BUILDING, and POLITICS IS A BODY, were observed from the linguistic metaphors, and their linguistic patterns, (lexical, morphological, and syntactical patterns), which project three ideologies: liberalism, progressivism, and radicalism. POLITICS IS A CONFLICT, and POLITICS IS A SMALL CHILD conceptual mappings are associated with liberalism, CHANGE IS A DIFFICULT PATH is associated with progressivism, while POLITICS IS A BUILDING, and POLITICS IS A BODY relate to radicalism. Thus, cross-domain mappings in Nwokedi and Cemetery Road, deployed through linguistic metaphors are motivated by the playwright’s ideological representation of Nwokedi and Mazeli as liberal, progressive, and radical ideologists.
These books are created for people who already know how to read Arabic with vowel markings - but can’t understand it, and will allow you to understand Arabic within 2 weeks (if you're a really good memorizer), or a month (if you're a slower memorizer) inshaa' Allah. However you will continuously have to refer to these tables for revision for maximum benefit.
The concern of this study is to investigate the place of language in the construction of ethnic identities among Sierra Leonean refugees in Oru refugee camp, Ogun State. The reason for opting to study the language proposition among other inconveniences encountered by refugees is because language is central in the lives of individuals as a veritable means of identification and solidarity within and across cultures (Kim, 2001; Berry, 2008).
Towards a Universal Tragic Vision in J.P. Clark’s Song of a Goat by Odoh, Onyeka Emeka. In his ‘History, Literature and Geography,’ the postcolonial critic, Edward Said agrees with Antonio Gramsci that ‘all ideas, all texts, all writings are embedded in actual geographic situations that make them possible’ (Said 322). This critic seems to have agreed with Hippolyte Tanie’s triadic literary factors that a literary piece is a composite of the message (it has), the moment (that produces it) and the milieu (where it has been given birth to).