Entries on Education
Abstract: Pension scheme administration in Nigeria, before the introduction of the new contributory scheme, was fraught with numerous problems associated with weak administration, lack of regulatory and supervisory agency, mismanagement of pension funds, absence of database on pensioners profiles, insufficient budgetary allocation and untimely release of funds which culminated in huge arrears of pension rights. Pensioners in the old scheme were subjected to untold hardship after meritorious service to the nation. The introduction of the new contributory pension scheme and investment of consolidated pension funds to generate returns accruable to pensioners as additional pension benefits have ushered in hope to hitherto hapless retirees and potential pensioners in Nigeria. The study is predicated on the agency theory as its theoretical framework. The methodology adopted primary and secondary sources of data generation. T-test is used to test the hypothesis. The article investigates the contractual relationship between the principals and agents in the pension business and to ascertain whether the agent is working to protect and serve the interest of the principal as regards to actual declaration of exact investment returns and payment of investment returns to enhance pension benefits of pensioners under the scheme. The result of the study reveals that investment of consolidated funds in the new contributory pension scheme generates additional pension benefits to retirees and the contributory workers in service. Creation of awareness about the provisions of the Act among the workforce and periodic review of the Act to reflect socioeconomic realities of the nation are recommended to make the scheme functionally meaningful to its beneficiaries.
Abstract: This paper focuses attention on the administrative issues and problems of planning education in Nigeria, with special reference to the planners themselves, that is the Federal Government and state administrators. One of the major problems is that all too often, recommendations don’t come from school administrators, teachers and other school personnel. This, no doubt may have constituted problems in planning and implementation of education in Nigeria and equally led to the failure of most of the formulated educational policies. The status quo of administrative planning of education in Nigeria should be revisited considering its developmental nature against our youths who are the future of the country. For effective administrative planning the country ‘s economy should be looked into and considered before schools in Nigeria start production of graduates into the labour market, to avoid producing more number of graduates the economy can carry.
Abstract: This study sought to investigate the effect of simulation method on secondary school students’ achievement in Government. It is a quasi-experimental study of non equivalent group design. Two research questions and two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A sample of 120 students from two randomly selected secondary schools in Ayamelum Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria was used for the study. Government Achievement Test (GAT) was developed, validated and used for data collection. The instrument (GAT) was trial-tested using Kudder-Richardson (K-R20) which established a reliability index of 0.87 which warranted its use for the study. Mean, standard deviation and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were used for the data analysis. The results revealed that students performed significantly better in Government when exposed to simulation method than conventional lecture method. It was also found that male and female students’ achievement using simulation method, do not differ significantly. It concluded that if simulation method is adopted in teaching Government, students would learn practical skills and develop critical thinking ability that will help them survive in the society. The study recommended among others that curriculum designers should recommend simulation method as one of the interactive and participatory approaches to the study of Government and that government teachers adopt it in their teaching.
It about how you will protect all your social media account from hacking but i talked more on Facebook
Abstract: The premise of this paper is that there is an urgent need for political education in Nigeria on account that Nigerian democracy is expected to accelerate national development. The reason for this submission is that Nigerian democracy has failed to meet the expectations of the masses. A number of indicators x-ray the lapses of the Nigerian democracy. They are: inability to provide the masses with good leadership, ethnicity, corruption, election crises and inadequate logistics, enthronement of mediocrity at the expense of meritocracy, violation of fundamental human rights of the citizens and other rape of democracy tendencies. To address these problems, the role of political education for political re-orientation of the citizens cannot be over-emphasized. The paper found that inadequate political education remains the bane of Nigerian democracy. That adequate political education to the citizenry will enable them have knowledge of the fundamental human rights. This will help them respect one another; shun ethnicity, corruption, favouritism and other acts capable of opposing democratic governance. The study recommended that government at all levels should organize political enlightenment programmes for the citizens towards the sustainable democracy for national development in Nigeria.
The 21st Century and the current trends in knowledge economy have produced powerful jingles that are linked with the Millennium Development Goals. The world as a unitary system may be difficult to sustain but the contemporary world as a knowledge-driven system has created a novel situation which, according to Oriafo (2005), is commonly referred to as globalization. Yet we know that there has always been the cultural hierarchy and compartmentalization of the word into races, classes and groups with such antithetical combinations as haves/have nots, white/black, developed/underdeveloped as well as Europe and America/the rest of the world. It does not matter the diversity of culture or level of education, there is always the over-riding image of the slaves and the enslaver which gives rise to a similar image of the horse and the rider. The antithetical combinations are matter-of- fact situations in human relationships but there is a natural foundation that can be nurtured to produce the varying vantage and disadvantaged positions.. This paper therefore, explores what may be described as ―naturecratic education‖ but with some recourse to the provisions of modern world.
Currently, Nigerian college students rank low among students of both the industrialized and developing countries when it comes to achievement in Science Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM). This is a fact borne out in test scores and other assessments of academic achievement in various examinations. This paper defines STEM as an educational taxonomy used in the context of multidisciplinary domain when addressing educational policy and curriculum choices in schools to improve competitiveness in science and technology development. The perspective in this paper shows that STEM has implications on the workforce development, national security concerns and other related policies. In this paper, STEM definition as it relates to the new digital economy and knowledge era for national capacity building is presented. A modified framework for STEM education (MSTEM) from primary to tertiary level in Nigeria is proposed while articulating its merits. Best practices in M-STEM initiatives including programme implementation, sustainability and professional developments are discussed. The paper concludes by articulating the open challenges while discussing the remediation
Open and Distance Learning (ODL) mode of education delivery removes the distance, age and job barrier and makes education available to those who, otherwise, would not have been able to cope. Reaching out effectively to these students otherwise called learners is another matter. Learner support system of ODL seeks to make life easy for the students to pursue their academic goals. This work aims at addressing the jobs of a learner support team and how best to make the learner comfortable in his pursuit for higher education.
Arguments have risen as to the quality of education given out through the ODL as compared to that of the f2f delivery mode. To this effect, proponents of the ODL has deem it necessary to evolve a system of quality assurance in ODL to make sure that quality is not compromised in the delivery of education through ODL. This work aims at detailing the quality control measures necessary to be put in place to guarantee quality education delivery in the ODL mode.
On the contrary, lady Would-Be, the second woman in the play is the opposite of celia. The play contrasts her marriage to sir politic would-Be _ a quintessentially English marriage – with the Italian marriage between corvine and celia. Lad Would-Be is more independent than celia, which reinforces the stereotype that married English women (contemporary women)were given more freedom than married Italian women. Lady Would-Be is able to wonder Venice on her own and she is seen without her husband just as often as with him (contrast this with celia who is prevented from even leaving her home). Lady would –be is much more talkative than celia, though the play doesn’t exactly suggest that this is a good thing. When lady would-be visits volpone he jokes in aside that she is so long-winded that he’s being tortured by her “flood of words”, and that, though he’s only pretending to be sick, she’s actually making him ill by talking ceaselessly. The difference between celia and lady would-be illustrate different societal roles for women in Italy and England which suggests that gender roles for women in renaissance and modern era which suggest that gender is contingent, rather than biologically determined. In this way, the play challenges stereotypical gender roles and assumptions about women, though it sometimes affirms stereotypes too. At the very least, volpone complicates the role of women in society by showing that women like men can be well read, virtuous, well educated and well spoken.