Entries on Education
My inspiration to write this book stems from my experience as a driver with the International Centre for Aids, Treatment and Care Programme (ICAP), an organisation which was established with the support of the U.S government to see that people are not dying from HIV. ICAP had the mandate to work in Nigeria for five years before it metamorphosed into an indigenous organisation which is known today as the Center for Intergrated Health Programme (CIHP) under the directorship of the amiable and hardworking Dr Bola Oyeledu who started with ICAP as Country Director before becoming the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Centre for Integrated Health Programme where she has and is still saving many lives.
Education as a process of acculturation exists in every culture of any people in the world with the aim of meeting the needs of the learner and those of the immediate community as well as the wider society. This process of educating or training the younger generation and gradually integrating them into meaningful and functional adult life does not necessarily mean literacy and is not limited to occurring within the four walls and corners of a classroom. The health and wealth of any nation depend on its educational system and thus no society can rise above its level of education; be it African or European. Charity they say begins at home. This is because the home is the first environment the child finds him/herself. Therefore, the family which is the smallest social unit of the society serves as the base for the success or failure of education of all kinds anywhere in the world.
University education has become the priority of every Ni- gerian, and majority of the people see it as the ultimate which any family can provide for its wards to attain the required knowledge in order to become successful in the society. A university is an institution where all kinds of academic programmes such as diplomas, pre-degrees, post graduate diplomas; masters and doctorate degrees are offered. It is the only educational institution in the world that offers such numerous programmes which explains the name "citadel of learning" meaning the highest place of learning which has intellectuals who have reached the peak of their chosen fields.
This book, Introduction to Special Education for Schools and Colleges, is designed to upgrade teachers and teachers in training by providing basic information on characteristics of various categories of exceptional children, provides also information on the causes of various impairments, helping teachers identify exceptional children within and outside their classroom, helping teachers to get use to various methods of teaching exceptional children in-inclusive settings, and also helping teachers develop positive attitudes towards exceptional persons. This book consists of eight chapters covering various aspects of special Education; Namely; Definition of special education, terms used in special Education, Philosophy of Education for exceptional persons, Provision of Education for exceptional children. Other areas covered by the book include Historical Developments of Special Education in Nigeria, Mental Retardation, the Gifted and Talented, Learning Disabilities, Speech and Language Disorders, Hearing Impairments, Visual Impairments and Blindness, Emotional and Behavioural Disorders, Physical and Health impairments, Inclusive Education and Attitudes and Beliefs about Disabilities. It is my hope that this book will help teachers appreciate the provision of programmes for exceptional persons, and position them towards effective implementation of inclusive education programme in Nigeria.
JAMB released new cut-off marks for tertiary institutions - The institutions are however at liberty to raise theirs above JAMB's requirement - The cut-off mark for universities was put at 120 while that of polytechnics was pegged at 100