Entries on Animal Production
The effects of exposing Heterobranchus bidorsalis juveniles (14.08 ± 0.12 g) to diferent concentrations of Bonny-light crude oil (BLCO) on amylase and cretinine kinase activities were studied The exposure of the fsh to 1.00, 2.00, 400, 8.00 ml L-1 BLCO and a control for 4 days toxicity period indicated that the signiicant increases (P < 0.01) in the serum amylase (SRA) and the hepatic cytosolic amylase (HCA) activities in the fish were BLCO concentrations dependent.
Malaria is a major public health problem in developing countries causing considerable morbidity and mortality especially in sub Saharan Africa.
The most implicated parasites are Ascaris lumbricoides, Hookworms (Necator americanus and AcyostomadeodenaleI);
The present study investigated the effect of aflatoxin contamination of poultry feeds from different commercial feed sources on the performance of broiler chicks. Seventy five 3 weeks old Abor acre broiler chicks were randomly divided into five groups (A – E), replicated thrice with each replicate having 5 birds. Each replicate constituted an experimental unit and the birds were separately housed in a 1 x 1 m2 sized pen. The birds in each treatment group were fed feeds from 5 companies, A – E. Feed intake and body weights were measured in all the treatment groups. Blood samples from the birds were analyzed for different hematological parameters. Feed samples were analyzed for aflatoxin concentration using reverse phase HPLC. The total aflatoxin content (AFB1 + AFB2 + FG1 + AFG2) of the feeds ranged from 1.4 ± 0.4 - 224.2 ± 74.7 µg/kg. The total aflatoxin level in feed samples C and E were above the European community regulatory limit for poultry feeds (ECRL, 20 μg/kg). There was no statistically significant difference between the haematological values of the birds fed feeds from the different source (P ˃ 0.005). Lymphocyte count was relatively low in all the treatment groups. However, the mixed blood populations were scantly detected in all the groups. Feed intake was positively correlated with body weight in the two treatment groups, A and E (P = 0.0001, R = 1). The high concentration of aflatoxin in some of the feeds caused reduced feed intake and poor body weight among the treated birds.
Data are presented on the prenatal development of the forestomach of red Sokoto goats. Three stages of fetal development were studied by gross and light microscopy techniques. The findings demonstrate that the primordia of all the components of the forestomach were present at 39 days of gestation. The mucosal surfaces of the rumen were smooth and later became granular at 30 and 96 days of gestation, respectively. Granules were observed on the mucosal surface of the omasum at 95 days of gestation. The rumen, reticulum and omasum differentiated into epithelium, blastemic tissue and serosa at 40 days of gestation. The epithelium of the entire forestomach consisted of superficial stellate cells and basal globus shaped cell layers at 53 days. The underlying bastemic tissue differentiated into disorganized arrays of myoblastic tissues at about 53 days. The primordia of the ruminal papillae appeared as protuberances of the stratum basale at 53 days. The ruminal papillae progressively increased in dimension with advance in age of the fetus. Reticular ribs were first observed on the mucosa of the reticulum at 65 days of gestation. In the reticulum, the lamina propria and submucosa were poorly demarcated throughout the study. The myoblastic tissues differentiated into isolated muscle bundles at the tips of the primary reticular folds at 124 days of gestation. Reticular cells were observed first at 145 days of gestation. Omasal leaves were first identified at 120 days. The forestomach of this goat differentiated earlier and developed faster than most of the other breeds.
The study was conducted on pigs slaughtered at Kumasi abattoir to determine the occurrence and nature of foreign bodies in the stomach of pigs. A total of 75 pig stomachs were randomly selected from pig slaughtered within the five month period and 20 out of 75 (26.67 %) were found to contain foreign bodies. There was no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) between sex, age and prevalence bodies in the stomach of pigs, though pigs less than one year had more ingested foreign bodies (10.7 %). Analysis of 20 pigs positive for foreign bodies in the stomach revealed that plastics (polythene bags) was the most prevalent (14.67 %), followed by bristles (6.67%), stones (2.67%) and almond seeds (2.67%). Lack of proper management system and improper waste disposal particularly of plastic materials seems to play a major role towards the frequent occurrence of foreign body in pig stomachs. Therefore, proper disposal of wastes from households should be given the needed attention. Veterinarians and animal health workers should also be aware of this condition in pigs in Kumasi
Entrepreneurs realize that every event and situation is a business opportunity. Ideas are constantly being generated about workflows and efficiency, people skills and potential new businesses. They have the ability to look at everything around them and focus it toward their goals.
An unwavering passion. The advice to do what you love has become a bit of a cliché. Everyone says,desire to be an expert. Quality of a Successful Entrepreneurs like a challenge. If they didn't, they'd probably have chosen another line of work. But as exciting as it is to consider a new field, high-achieving entrepreneurs know the benefits of staying in the same industry for a while are immense. When you spend years in the same industry, you learn its history. Knowing what's been done before can help you identify how it can and should move forward. In the meantime, you'll build a network of relationships to support you in future endeavors, especially when times are lean. Those relationships are invaluable.
A successful entrepreneur are individuals that are focused on making their businesses work, and eliminate any hindrances or distractions to their goals. They have overarching strategies and outline the tactics to accomplish them. Successful entrepreneurs are disciplined enough to take steps every day toward the achievement of their objectives.
There are many definitions of the concept ‘entrepreneurship’. Okpara (2000) defines entrepreneurship as the willingness and ability of an individual to seek out investment opportunities in an environment and be able to establish and run an enterprise successfully based on the identifiable opportunities. In addition, Nwachukwu (1990) regards entrepreneurship as a process of seeing and evaluating business opportunities, gathering the necessary resources to take advantage of them and initiate appropriate action to ensure success.