Entries on African Studies
Leadership, Policy and Economic Development in Nigeria and Singapore: a Comparative (1960 - 1990) is a sweeping comparison of Nigeria and Singapore on their economic development performances. It further critically assesses how leaderships in the two countries were able to influence these performances through their economic policies and developmental efforts. Particular emphasis is placed on between 1960 and 1990; although post 1990 is briefly captured but strictly on economic policies and performances of successive governments. This book elementrifies foundational reasons why the two countries have divergent economic development statistics despite starting with homologous economic statistics in the 1960s, with cross-national opportunities and constraints. It reveals how the two different and newly independent countries in the 60s followed different paths toward nation building. The correlations between leadership, economic policymaking and implementation, and economic development are established. The period of 1960 to 1990 played key, formative roles in the both countries’ economic development narratives. Within the three decades, Singapore was transformed from a third to first world country while Nigeria was caught up with International Monetary Fund’s Structural Adjustment Program. This Comparative Study captures cross-national differences and finds out lessons Nigeria can learn from Singapore in pursuing an inclusive and sustainable economic development. This book is a fitting primary source for students, scholars and researchers of development studies, public policy, development economics, leadership, governance and regional development.
The assertion by some writers of African origin that African literature is an autonomous entity – separate and apart from all other literatures and therefore necessarily requiring its own literary traditions, models and norms, suggesting that its constituency is separate and radically different from that of European or other literatures, and this as rationale for an African poetics, is at best misleading. This is for the simple reason that literary critical criteria such as plot, setting, symbols, imagery, time and space, point of view and other aesthetic features on the one hand, and literary theoretical concepts such as Romanticism, Realism, Modernism, Structuralism, Semiotics, Feminism and other theories on the other hand, cannot be used in reference to any one geographical region of the world. In other words, these critical and theoretical concepts are universal. However, it is valid to refer to a European, American or African literature where the content of the region dominates a given literature. It is to this robust debate that Ferdinand Asoo contributes in The African Novel and the Realist Tradition by subjecting the theory of Realism to the African novel.
Education as a process of acculturation exists in every culture of any people in the world with the aim of meeting the needs of the learner and those of the immediate community as well as the wider society. This process of educating or training the younger generation and gradually integrating them into meaningful and functional adult life does not necessarily mean literacy and is not limited to occurring within the four walls and corners of a classroom. The health and wealth of any nation depend on its educational system and thus no society can rise above its level of education; be it African or European. Charity they say begins at home. This is because the home is the first environment the child finds him/herself. Therefore, the family which is the smallest social unit of the society serves as the base for the success or failure of education of all kinds anywhere in the world.
ABSTRACT: The Aro sub- culture group of the Nigeria no doubt played important role in pre-colonial period as oracular agents woven in slave trade. They were mainly slave merchants whose oracle played the role of a spiritual conduit through which its unsuspecting client were sold into slavery. In other words, this dreaded oracle, Ibinu-Ukpabi, also known as the long juju, which is situated at Arochukwu played the dastardly role of sending those who appeared before it but could not pay themselves through for freedom into slavery. Ironically, during the hey-days of the British colonial activities, the activities of the aro became elevated by the simple omission of historical facts to the status of an Igbo civilization. By this simple act of omission, the Aro soon assumed the status of a superior socio-political cast among the Igbo. This obvious misrepresentation was to lead to a stream of intellectual controversy among Igbo scholars and local political partisans. This resulting controversy which was originally rooted in C.G. Seligman’s hamitic hypothesis, was expounded by a notable colonial anthropologist - - H.F. Mathews and later appropriated by succeeding Igbo scholars of Aro school of thought. It borders on the claim of indigenous pre- colonial imperialism over the rest Igbo group by the Aro. The present work explores the facts, myths and probabilities of this concept of a racially superior branch of the Igbo culture group as represented by the Nri and Aro. In the process of exploring the evidence, a number of dependent historical and hypothetical question were raised. This is primary query which will most probably strike the mind in the context of primeval Igbo origins and identity? In other words...
Abstract: Different aspects of Igbo culture, especially fashion have been in a state of flux since the colonial times. Much of what constituted the ancient Igbo material culture could not survive the colonial period. For instance, traditional Igbo fashion which promoted nudity, body ornamentation, title regalia and decorative hairdos among others have been somewhat eroded by foreign influences. Though handful of scholars and artists have prolonged the memories of some fashion items or style through their literary and creative works, greater percentage of the younger generation of the Igbo seem completely ignorant of the forms and functions of what should have been Igbo cultural heritage. The contemporary voguish fashion of the Igbos is patterned after western styles. This paper not only exhumes some outmoded Igbo fashion but also attempts a succinct comparative analysis of forms and significances of the early colonial period and the twenty-first century Igbo fashion. This is done in order to briefly highlight the formal and functional distinctiveness of the two modes as well as the changes in fashion and struggles over identity in Igboland.
IKENGA: International Journal of African Studies, Vol. 11, Numbers 1&2 September, 2010
Vol. 14, No 1 of Ikenga Journal, containing various research articles.